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Blue light (BLU-U)

Description:

It works by killing the P. acnes bacteria that cause breakouts.

How it's done: You sit in front of a blue screen, which emits wavelengths of light that produce free radicals, which kill the bacteria that causes acne under your skin. The treatment is non invasive, many dermatologists and doctors will recommend two 150 min sessions a week for four weeks. It use fluorescent tubes as light source.
Recovery:

Redness for a day or two.

Complications: No side effects.
Cost: $100 and up/session.

Smoothbeam Laser

Description:

This Diode laser is used it treat acne scars and can decrease pore and oil gland size. It emits light wavelengths (Diode - 1450 nm) that pierce the skin and work on the overactive sebaceous glands responsible for acne. Maximum Fluence: 8-25 J/cm2.

How it's done: First, a topical anesthetic is applied to the skin. Then, the laser is passed through the upper layer of skin, targeting the sebaceous glands, which cause oily skin. The laser heats the gland and slows the production of sebum. Improvement is noticeable two weeks after treatment and your skin may continue to improve over the next six months. Four treatments, at least a month apart, are recommended.
Recovery:

Redness and swelling immediately after the procedure. You cannot tan for two weeks after the procedure, and exercise is not recommended for 24 hours post treatment.

Complications:

You may experience a flare up of acne three to four weeks post treatment.

Cost: $1000 and up/treatment.

LumiFecial - Soli Tone

Description: The LumiFecial target common skin problems, such as acne, redness and uneven pigmentations. Uses LED technology.
How it's done: Doing treatment , a wrap-around facial panel is used. Specific LED Light energy with wavelength of 640 nm (blue light) is applied for  30 minutes.
Recovery: There are no hazards or complications associated with the light LED treatment.
Complications: None, but sunscreen is recommended if will be exposed to san soon after treatment.
Cost: $100 and up per treatment.

Levulan  Photo-Dynamic Therapy (PDT)

Description:

Levulan is aminolevulinic acid, a substance that occurs naturally in the body, and if used before Blue light, LED or IPL than is called PDT or Photo Dynamic Therapy to treat acne.

How it's done:

The substance is applied and absorbed into the sin and converted into potent photosensitizer, When used with Blue Light, the substance is activated and sebaceous glands are shrunken, reducing acne, Levulan must sit on the skin for 30 min to one hour before the Blue light treatment, which takes 16 min or IPL which takes a bit longer, Tow to four treatment of Levulan with blue light, LED or IPL are needed to significantly clear moderate to sever acne. Acne may stay in remission for six months to a year.

Recovery: Mild stinging or a running sensation can over during and after the treatment. You must stay out of the sun for 48 hours after, and wear SPF 30 at all times. You may be red for several hours or days, with swelling around the eyes.
Complications:  Blisters or scabbing may occur if you go into the sin after the treatment, if you have a history of cold sores a prescription of Valtrex is required.
Cost: Blue light, LED and IPL with Levulan: $459 and up/treatment.

OmniLux

Description: Omnilux blue™ is similar to other blue light therapy systems; however, the system uses LEDs (light emitting diodes) instead of fluorescent tubes or bulbs. Omnilux blue™ can be used with Omnilux revive™, which emits red light, for a combination of blue light and red light therapy. It is a LED technology.

How it's done: During treatment, acne-causing bacteria are destroyed by the blue light, while the red light reduces inflammation and redness caused by acne lesions. Both systems are used alternately during treatment.
Recovery: No downtime.
Complications: None.
Cost: $90 to $110 per treatment

ClearLight

Description: The ClearLight™ Phototherapy system by Lumenis® was approved by the FDA in 2002 for use on moderate acne. The ClearLight system uses a (bulb) high-intensity blue-violet light that activates the bacteria fighting militia, called porphyrins, in your own body. The porphyrins start a chemical reaction that produces peroxide which destroys the P. acnes bacteria.

How it's done: It uses a high-intensity, narrow-band blue light to clear skin of acne by destroying bacteria. ClearLight™ may also be used for photodynamic acne therapy by applying Levulan® solution for several minutes before treatment with the blue light.
Recovery: No downtime.
Complications: None.
Cost: Around $100 per treatment and series is completed in four (4) weeks, with treatments lasting approximately 15 minutes each.

Aesthera PPx / Isolaz

Description: Its combine vacuum suction and broadband light (IPL) to simultaneously deep cleanse and purify pores.

How it's done: The vacuum action brings the sebaceous glands closer to the surface, enabling them to be cleaned and giving the skin a rejuvenated appearance.
Recovery: No downtime.
Complications: Rear
Cost: generally a course of 4 - 6 treatments is recommended to obtain optimum results.

Zeno

Description: Battery (Rechargeable) operated device. That treats cystic acne with a low heatup to 118 degrees F (48 Celsius). Very slow since it take around 2.5 minute per zap. It can't be used on whiteheads or blackheads Acne.

How it's done: Placed the tip on Acne and pressed the button.
Recovery: No downtime.
Complications: It can left red marks on the skin and in some cases it can made acne worse.
Cost: $180- $220 for device, and you have to replace tips at $25 each, it can be costly
ThermaClear
Description: Similar unit as Zeno. It is battery (2 AA) operated device works by producing a short, controlled pulse of highly concentrated heat that works on the skin and eliminates the P. Acne bacteria. FDA cleared. It should be used on acne before it actually is a zit. It can't be used onwhiteheads or blackheads Acne.

How it's done: Placed the blue tip on Acne and pressed the Pulse button.
Recovery: None.
Complications: Potential skin burns since it heats up to 212 degrees Fahrenheit (100 Celsius).
Cost: $150 plus replaceable  tips

Accutane - (Isotretinoin)

Description: Accutane exact mechanism of action is unknown. It is used normally only after other acne treatments fail to produce results. Treatment of acne begins with topical medications (adapalene, benzoyl peroxide and others), followed by oral antibiotics and finally Accutane therapy. This is because other treatments, while less effective than Accutane, are associated with fewer adverse effects.

How it's done: Oral medication by prescription only.
Recovery: No down time.
Complications: It can't be taken doing pregnancy. Accutane is a teratogen and is highly likely to cause birth defects if taken during pregnancy. Few studies have suggested a possible link between Accutane and clinical depression. Even though that no conclusive evidence has been produced, the argument that Accutane caused depression and suicide has won a few lawsuits, and that is one of the reason for the strict control of the drug in North America.
Cost: $300 a month, with two pill-a-day regiment , plus the regular blood tests that have to be conducted doing Accutane therapy.

Microdermabrasion

Description: Celluline Clinic use Microdermabrasion treatment for acne in two main case: To 1) prevent - heal existing mild acne and to 2) minimize Acne scars (not deep acne scars)
 1) prevent - heal existing mild acne
Microdermabrasion is used first to clean the skin and peel out the dead cells' layer. In doing that it clears out the blocked pores. The Microdermabrasion treatment is similar to gently vacuuming your skin. The Microdermabrasion treatment works in two ways:
 1. It heals already existing acne by cleaning the pores;
 2. Then by eliminating the dead skin cells' layer, it prevents pimples from appearing. Pimples are most often caused by dead skin cells that clog the skin's pores. When you eliminate the dead skin cells the chance of having pimples is greatly decreased.
2) minimize Acne scars
Microdermabrasion remove the layer of death skin cells that comes off with very fine abrasion (about 10-15 microns) .  Microderm is not effective for deep scars, but does works effectively on the less severe acne scars.

How it's done: The diamond wand or crystals used in microdermabrasion abrade the skin, while the vacuum sucks up any dead cells and dirt that clog your pores. When used on acne, microdermabrasion needs stronger suction to unclog all of the pores, because the sandblasting cannot get in that deep on its own.
Recovery: No down time. Client can return to normal routine same day, that why microdermabrasion is called the lunch time procedure.
Complications: Anyone with extremely sensitive skin may have reactions that may cause some discoloration or redness, but in general there is no serious side affects.
If your acne is moderate to severe then Microdermabrasion is not advisable  because it can do more harm than good.
Cost: Around $100.

Chemical Peels

Description: A chemical peel is a procedure that uses a chemical solution to peel away wrinkled, blemished, unevenly pigmented, or sun damaged facial skin. The chemical peel procedure is non-invasive and poses little risk.
How it's done: A chemical peel solution may be applied to your entire face or just to certain regions. Estheticians will apply the solution using a sponge, a cotton pad or sometimes, for smaller areas, a cotton swab or brush.
Recovery: Minimal to no downtime
Complications: Rear
Cost: Around $100 per treatment, and  5 chemical peel treatments over a 5 month period are usually recommended.


 

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