Little white bumps, or milia, are keratin-filled cysts, or simply little globs of protein under the skin. There are generally two types of milia. Primary milia may result from oil glands that have not fully or properly developed. Secondary milia result from trauma to the skin. They are common in newborns across the nose and upper cheeks and can also be seen on adult skin. In newborns, the bumps usually disappear within the first few weeks of life. However, for adults milia may persist indefinitely.
How Milia develop?
You may develop milia after excessive exposure to the sun. The reasons for developing milia after sun exposure are debatable. According to some studies, the active ingredients sunscreens like Parsol 1789 may cause sun allergies and later lead to a milia breakout. Other studies blame the sun itself for “damaging” the skin can thus causing little white bumps.Some people experience milia around the mouth. This could be the result of fluoride irritation from toothpaste.
Is Milia Acne?
No, Milia are proteins trapped within the skin, while Acne (comedones) are fats and skin debris trapped within the pore.
Milia does not have pore or escape route, So, to get them out, you’ll need to have a professional like a dermatologist or aesthetician extract them. You can extract the milia yourself, but this involves risks.
Then wet a cloth with warm water and apply it to your face for a few minutes. Gently apply a sterile needle to the center of the little white bump to create a tiny opening in the skin. Wrap your thumbs in a clean tissue and, using your thumbs, proceed to gently squeeze the contents of the little white bump out. Finally, cleanse the area of the extracted little white bump with an astringent.
How to prevent Milia?
The best way to prevent milia is to avoid treating your skin with excessively harsh chemicals and to limit sun exposure and exfoliate your skin to prevent milia.